Bearberry leaves contains the active substance, arbutin, which further metabolizes in the body into hydroquinone. It has diuretic and antiseptic effects on the urinary tract. In human medicine, the herb is especially used in inflammation of the kidneys and the gall bladder, for kidney or gall stones.
Purified turpentine oil from pine resin contains α- β- pinen. It has antiseptic effects and penetrates well into tissues.
Chamomile contains the therapeutically useful substances, coumarin, phenolcarboxylic acids, phytosterols, flavonoids and other. The drug has anti-inflammatory, spasmolytic, carminative, mildly sedative, bacteriostatic and fungistatic effects.
(Menthae piperitae etheroleum)
Among other, peppermint oil contains the following active compounds: stereoisomers of menthol, menthyl acetate, menthofuran, cineol, limonen and other monoterpenes. The drug has antispasmodic, carminative and analgesic effects.
The main active substance of the drug, pimpinella anise, is an essential oil with 80 – 90% of anethole. The fruit of the plant is used for therapeutic purposes. It helps to alleviate cramping of the stomach muscles, improves digestion and supports the production of bile. It has carminative effects ad is used in promoting expectoration.